SKA Design

SKA Global Consortia

University of Milan-Bicocca

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

Adaptive Array Systems Limited (AASL)

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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Meraka Institute, CSIR

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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University of Western Australia

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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National Geographic Institute of Spain

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Science Data Processor
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Società Aerospaziale Mediterranea (SAM)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

SKA South Africa (Johannesburg Office)

Part of the following consortia:

Infrastructure South Africa
Visit The Website

GTD

Part of the following consortia:

Telescope Manager
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DANTE

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
Visit The Website

National Physical Laboratory (NPL)

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU)

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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Tsinghua University/ Peking University

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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Australia Academic and Research Network (AARNet)

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
Visit The Website

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Part of the following consortia:

Low-Frequency Aperture Array
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Callaghan Innovation

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Open Parallel Ltd

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Science Data Processor
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University of Auckland

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Science Data Processor

Massey University

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

AUT University

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Science Data Processor
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IBM Zurich

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

Reutech Radar Systems (Division of Reutech Limited)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
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Canadian Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
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NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
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NVIDIA Corporation

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

Adaptative Array Systems Limited

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

University of Malta

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
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Omnisys Instruments

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

Canadian Astronomy Data Center

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Swinburne University of Technology

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
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Radio Quiet Zone Solutions (RQZ)

Part of the following consortia:

Infrastructure Australia
Visit The Website

German Long Wavelength Consortium (GLOW)

Part of the following consortia:

Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Visit The Website

Netherlands eScience Center (NLeSC)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
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Selex Electronic Systems

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

MDA Systems

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

University of Southampton

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University College London

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Oxford University

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of Cambridge

Part of the following consortia:

Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of Manchester

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Signal and Data Transport
Visit The Website

STFC Daresbury Laboratory

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ATC

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Telescope Manager
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Ozyegin University

Part of the following consortia:

Wideband Single Pixel Feeds
Visit The Website

Chalmers University / Onsala Space Observatory

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds
Visit The Website

Ingeniería de Sistemas para la Defensa de España (ISDEFE)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Visit The Website

Public University of Navarre (UPNA)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

University of Cantabria, Santander (Spain)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

Fundación Centro de Supercomputación (FCSCL)

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
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Barcelona Supercomputing Center

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA)

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of Granada

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

SKA South Africa (Cape Town Office)

Part of the following consortia:

Assembly, Integration & Verification
Central Signal Processor
Dish
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Signal and Data Transport
Telescope Manager
Visit The Website

University of Évora

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

GeoSpace Sciences Research Centre (CICGE-FCUP)

Part of the following consortia:

Telescope Manager

Instituto de Telecomunicações

Part of the following consortia:

Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Signal and Data Transport
Telescope Manager
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GreenButton

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Compucon New Zealand

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Science Data Processor
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Institute for Radio Astronomy and Space Research

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
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University of Otogo

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Victoria University of Wellington

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe (JIVE)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Signal and Data Transport
Visit The Website

Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON)

Part of the following consortia:

Assembly, Integration & Verification
Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Signal and Data Transport
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds
Visit The Website

European Industrial Engineering (EIE)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Dish
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Telescope Manager
Visit The Website

Tata Consulting Services

Part of the following consortia:

Signal and Data Transport
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Tata Research, Development and Design Centre (TRDDC)

Part of the following consortia:

Telescope Manager
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National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Signal and Data Transport
Telescope Manager
Visit The Website

Vertex Antennentechnik

Part of the following consortia:

Dish

EM Software and Systems (EMSS)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Signal and Data Transport
Visit The Website

Regensburg University

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics (IAF)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds
Visit The Website

Max Plank Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIfRA)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Dish
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds
Visit The Website

University of Bordeaux

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds
Visit The Website

Paris/Nançay Observatory

Part of the following consortia:

Mid-Frequency Aperture Array
Visit The Website

Joint Laboratory for Radio Astronomy Technology (JLRAT)

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds

Key Lab of Aperture Array and Space Application (KLAASA)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array

University of Chile

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

McGill University

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of British Columbia

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of Alberta

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of Alberta

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
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RackForce

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Calgary Scientific Inc.

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
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IBM Canada Limited

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

University of Calgary

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

National Research Council of Canada (NRC)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Dish
Telescope Manager
Visit The Website

Horizon Power

Part of the following consortia:

Infrastructure Australia
Visit The Website

Rider Levett Bucknall

Part of the following consortia:

Infrastructure Australia
Visit The Website

Aurecon

Part of the following consortia:

Infrastructure Australia
Visit The Website

RPC Technologies

Part of the following consortia:

Dish
Visit The Website

University of Melbourne

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
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iVEC

Part of the following consortia:

Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR)

Part of the following consortia:

Central Signal Processor
Low-Frequency Aperture Array
Science Data Processor
Visit The Website

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

Part of the following consortia:

Assembly, Integration & Verification
Central Signal Processor
Dish
Infrastructure Australia
Science Data Processor
Signal and Data Transport
Telescope Manager
Visit The Website

Filter Consortia

The SKA design has been an ongoing process for many years, with design studies from participating institutions all feeding in to making the SKA a truly exceptional instrument. The SKA Organisation first issued a Baseline Design document in early 2013 and then a Request for Proposals in the middle of March 2013, inviting research organisations and industry to participate in the work towards a final detailed design of the SKA telescope. To learn more about the design process of the SKA, visit the design process page.

As stated at that time, the purpose of the design activities is to prepare the SKA project at element level to proceed with the construction of the first phase of the SKA telescope (SKA1). In November 2013, 10 consortia, gathering experts from all over the world were formed to cover all of the components required to make the SKA a reality. A wide range of industrial, engineering and scientific organisations from all over the world is involved, representing over 500 people in 100 organisations on 5 continents. Details of the elements the consortia work on can be found on the work packages page.

The SKAO is moving towards finalising the detailed design of the SKA1 radio telescope which will culminate in Critical Design Reviews (CDR) for all the telescope products and associated infrastructure and power during the course of 2018.  The detailed design is being undertaken by 9 Design Consortia from across the world.

At the meeting of the SKA Board of Directors in July 2017, the SKA Board agreed to the following recommendations in relation to the budget, design and construction for SKA1:

1. The Design Baseline for all Design Consortia will be the basis for Critical Design Reviews and the long-term ambition of the SKA1 project.

  • For SKA1-mid in South Africa, the Design Baseline includes the following: 133 antennas and associated infrastructure and power which includes 21 antennas located in three spiral arms with a maximum baseline of 150km;
  • For SKA1-low in Australia, the Design Baseline includes the following: 512 stations in a large core and three spiral arms with a maximum baseline of 65km.

2. The SKA1 Deployment Baseline will be defined in the SKA Construction Proposal which is currently under development. It will include as much of the Design Baseline as can be afforded at that time. The current Deployment Baseline is formulated on the assumption that €674M (2016 Euros) will be available. Scientific assessment of the proposed deployment baseline demonstrates that the SKA Observatory will deliver transformational science capabilities. Re-instatement of the omitted capabilities, up to the full restoration of the Design Baseline, is planned, either during or after the construction phase, should additional funding become available. The Deployment Baseline will be regularly reviewed by the SKA Science and Engineering Advisory Committee (SEAC) under the direction of the SKA Board.

The implications to these SKA Board approvals are that the scaling options, as well as the steps taken to reduce the cost of the Design Baseline will be implemented to achieve the current calculated Deployment Baseline. The current Deployment Baseline includes the following:

  • For SKA1-mid in South Africa: 130 antennas and associated infrastructure and power which includes 18 antennas located in three spiral arms with a maximum baseline of 120km;
  • For SKA1-low in Australia, the Design Baseline includes the following: 476 stations with a maximum baseline of 40km.

The list of partners is vast and can be seen all over the map above. Zoom in and click on each partner organisation to see what part or parts of the SKA jigsaw they will be working on, and find out more about each partner and their own background.

Key documents, including baseline design, level 0 and level 1 requirements as well as upcoming deliverables milestones for elements/consortia are available here.

Telescope Manager (TM) Central Signal Processor (CSP) Signal and Data Transport (SaDT) Science Data Processor (SDP) Dish (DSH)
Mid-Frequency Aperture Array (MFAA) Low-Frequency Aperture Array (LFAA) Assembly, Integration and Verification (AIV) Infrastructure Australia (INFRA AU) Infrastructure Africa (INFRA SA)
Wideband Single Pixel Feeds (WBSPF)
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